Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition characterized by pain and stiffness in the shoulder joint. It commonly affects individuals over the age of 40 and is more common in women than men. Frozen shoulder often develops after a period of inactivity, such as after an injury or surgery, but it can also occur spontaneously without any apparent cause.
The exact mechanism of frozen shoulder is not fully understood, but it is believed to be caused by inflammation and thickening of the capsule that surrounds the shoulder joint. This can lead to adhesions and scar tissue, which can further limit the range of motion in the joint.
The goal of treatment for frozen shoulder is to alleviate pain and restore range of motion in the joint. Physical therapy is often the first line of treatment and may include exercises to improve range of motion and strengthen the surrounding muscles. Manual therapy techniques such as joint mobilization or soft tissue mobilization may also be used to help improve joint mobility.
In more severe cases, corticosteroid injections may be used to reduce inflammation and pain. In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to release the adhesions and scar tissue surrounding the joint.
It is important to seek proper assessment and treatment early on to prevent further progression of the condition and to improve outcomes. If you are experiencing pain and stiffness in your shoulder, it is recommended to schedule an appointment with a physiotherapist for a thorough evaluation and personalized treatment plan.